Sunday, May 17, 2020

Informative Speech Crohn s Disease - 761 Words

Informative Speech (Crohn’s Disease) General Purpose: To inform the audience about what Crohn’s Disease Specific Purpose: To inform my audience about Crohn’s Disease and give them a better understanding of what it is. Introduction I was a 14 year old freshman in high school when I started getting sick. I was always a pretty healthy kid who had perfect attendance records UNTIL that year. The extreme fatigue and weight-loss was the main sign to my mom that something was seriously wrong. Around January of 2010 I had a colonoscopy to confirm what my doctor already believed. I have Crohn’s Disease. Body I. Main point: What is Crohn’s Disease? A. Crohn’s Disease was named after Dr. Burrill B. Crohn who first described the disease in 1932.†¦show more content†¦2. Raw fruits and vegetables; the fiber may irritate and inflame the lining of the colon. 3. Spicy Food! This one bothers a lot of Crohn’s patients but I personally can eat most mild foods in moderation and be fine. 4. Fried Foods. Grease is extremely hard on the intestines and with irritate it really fast. 5. Caffeine can irritate some patients colon lining and cause a flare up (when I was first diagnosed

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Essay on Congressional Committees The Workhorse of...

Most individuals with a general background knowledge of the United States Federal Government system are aware that in order for a bill to become a law, it must first pass a majority vote in Congress. There is, however, a very important step in the legislative process that sometimes goes unnoticed. The committee system of the legislation process ensures that the appropriate attention is given to each bill introduced to Congress. Each member of both chambers are assigned to committees and subcommittees, and are expected to become subject matter experts in their respective roles as committee members. The committee system is necessary in order to ensure that each piece of legislation receives the consideration that it deserves. Judy†¦show more content†¦Joint committees focus on broad areas, and are used of oversight into bureaucratic organizations throughout the Government. It would be as foolish to assume that a committee can know and understand a full piece of legislation as it would be to assume that individual members of Congress would. For this purpose, subcommittees are formed. Subcommittees are a further delegation of tasking within the review of legislation. Valerie Heitshusen, an analyst on Congress wrote, â€Å"Most committees form subcommittees to share specific tasks within the jurisdiction of the full Committee† (Committee Types and Roles 3). Subcommittees are expected to present their finding on their assigned area of a bill. They, along with experts (witnesses) testify before the full committee on their findings. After the full committee considers the subcommittees’ findings, a vote is taken as to whether or not the bill goes to the chamber. There is a hierarchy which exists within Congress and its committees. For example, each committee and subcommittee is presided over by a chair, presiding officer, or party leader. A considerable amount of authority is afforded to these leaders, which enables strong partisan influence wi thin the committees. Because committee chairs are selected by majority leaders in both the House and Senate, the controlling party can assign committee chairs who sympathize with the party’s agenda. According to the textbook, â€Å"ToShow MoreRelatedCongressional Committees and Healthcare Policy Essay1130 Words   |  5 PagesCongressional Committees and Healthcare Policy (Chapter Review) An important point made in Weissert and Weissert concerning Congress and its committee structure is that the majority of the work in Congress is done through committees. They perform the majority of research on issues and possible solutions, get legislation written, re-written and amended, and support it as it moves through Congress and finally gets passed. They are the â€Å"workhorses of the legislature† (Weissert and Weissert, 29). Read MoreClean Air Act12612 Words   |  51 Pagesand passed the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1972.   The Amendments of 72 (as also amended in 77 and 90), embodies a combination of four distinct statutory techniques: Sections 7407, 7408, 7409, and 7410, taken together created the broad basic workhorse regulatory system for control of the most commonly produced and significant air pollutants.   These sections apply a harm-based ambient quality regulatory approach applied to stationary sources.    In English:   a strategy to regulate fixed sourcesRead MoreManaging Information Technology (7th Edition)239873 Words   |  960 Pagessecurity risks. Other new roles at the middle-management level help ensure that contracts with key outsourcing suppliers have successful outcomes (Willcocks and Griffiths, 2010). Senior business managers also play IT leadership roles by serving on committees that approve and prioritize new IT investments and by sponsoring IT investments for their business areas. Other business managers may serve as business process experts on IT project teams to select, design, and implement software packages. All

Management Leadership Analysis

Question: Discuss about the Managementfor Leadership Analysis. Answer: Introduction Leadership is the ability of an individual or organization to lead or guide other individuals, teams or entire organization or in other words it is the ability of making others to work with willingness (March weil,2005). Leadership involves: - establishing a clear vision which means sharing our opinion thoughts with others so that the team should realize that they should work willingly, proper coordination should be maintained among the employees of the company, collecting information or knowledge and providing the knowledge into effective manner to the team members. Leadership skills cannot be taught, although through coaching or mentoring it may be learned, each and every skill comes with the failures (Radcliffe, 2012). Leaders need to be innovative no matter if they are failing to achieve their task, one day success will be there. Leader inspires or motivates their employees to work hard for achieving the goals. Communication should be done by leader in a way that other makes rea lize to work in an effective manner. Further this essay includes the leadership skills, abilities and potentials and also includes the theories of leadership. My Leadership skills are: - motivation, delegation, positivity, creativity, trustworthiness, responsibility, communication. These skills will help to get the work done in an effective manner. Motivation: - Motivation refers to as encouraging ones work or in other words pushing an individual to work hard achieving his or her goals. Leader always motivates their team members or employees so that they can give their best (May, 2011). Being a leader, I think motivation is the best way to get the outcome from employees. Delegation: - Delegation refers to as assigning of responsibility or authority to any subordinate to achieve goals or to carry out activities. Leaders have to delegate the responsibilities and authority just to make the colleagues to realize the work requirement (Enock Hunt, 2006). Personally, I faced a situation where I have to delegate the authority with responsibility to the employees. Later on, I found that the employee worked so well with full efficiency. Positivity: - Positivity brings positive environment, healthy conversation among the employees and healthy work environment. Leader needs to make sure that their employees are working with the positive approach then only they will be able to achieve the goals. I have created positive environment many times by adding fun to work or by allowing them to go out for refreshments.Trustworthiness: - Employees should feel free to go and to talk to their superiors such as manager or leader, if they are facing any kind of problem. Just want to share an experience where one employee came to me to ask solution to the problem. I gave the solution and talked with employee and asked about his life. This develops trustworthiness in an employee. Responsibility: - The success and failure of team is just because of leader, because leader is the only person who gives orders or lead a team. So, no employee should be blamed or pointed out for any kind of success or failure (Pless, 2007). Being a leader, if any fail ure or success occurs i will be responsible for that because Im accountable for my team. Communication: - Leader should know how to communicate? To whom should he communicate? Leader should know all forms of communication, one-on-one communication, departmental, full-staff conversations and communication by phone, e-mail and social media. It not involves what you say but also involves how you say. In communication it is also important to listen to the other person, what the team wants to say (Hashem, 2017). I have communication skills and will make sure that as a leader I communicate with others in proper manner that will develop my skill and it will help me to communicate correct information. My leadership Potentials are: - Engagement, Ability and Aspiration. Lets see the explanation of these potentials. Aspiration: - The word aspiration refers to as a hope or ambition of achieving something. So leadership should have ambition towards the work, which helps in achieving the desire goals. Ability: - The word refers to as the skills to do a certain kind of work at the certain level. For achieving any goal or target, person should have ability to do work; leaders should have ability to achieve the goals of a company. Engagement: - The word refers to as the devotion of an employee towards the work or how passionate the person is towards the work or the job he is doing. Leader should have the devotion towards the work (Chuang, 2013). Personally, these potential helped me to become a good leader, my ambition to achieve goals, my ability to do task, my engagement towards my work. Company growth shows the potential of leader, it shows how leader skills are working for the company benefits. Each and every leader follows some theories and methods of leadership in their day to day activities, personally, being a leader theories that I follow are: - Traits leadership theory; This theory says that the effective leaders have some abilities to mobilize towards a shared vision. This includes sets of skills and capabilities, personality and motives, behavior in social relationships in a leader (Gehring, 2007). Being a leader, I have influenced employees when there was situation in which employees were not able to work they found themselves in trouble. Team was not able to manage the situation. So over leadership traits such as assertive, dominant, energetic, self-confidence can easily be shown. Behavioral leadership theory; this theory says behavior of the leader towards the employees. They evaluated the way how successful leaders developed a pattern, an action, or how they identified the way for the situation (Rahman, 2016). As a leader considering this theory, I motivate or a ppreciate to the employees who come early and scold to the employees who come late. Not only this for good work being a leader I appreciate to the employees. The contingency leadership theory; this theory says that the leader, who is leader in one situation it is not necessary he will be leader in other situation. The situation keeps on changing but the leader should be effective so that he can manage the situation and be the leader in each and every situation. The leader can work according to the needs of the situation; it shows the interaction of leadership style with situation. Fiedlers identified 3 aspects to the situation those aspects are: - the quality of leaders relationship, the structured which show how well they performed the task, the leaders amount of formal authority (Nohria Khurana, 2010). Personally- one day I got task from top management on which I have to work and achieve the company goals, first of all I learnt the work and taught to the employees as well; being a leader I have to be dynamic in each case. The Full-Range leadership theory; this theory says the transformational leadership includes leadership that enhances motivation by connecting or linking the employees to the project and to collective became the identity of the organization. This theory includes 4 major components which includes the essential qualities of a good leader: - Individualized consideration, intellectual stimulation, inspirational motivation, idealized influence (Sosik Jung, 2011). Personally, being a leader I have followed this theory to link the employees towards the project so that they can achieve company target and goals. Larders are appointed by the company; Company did not build leadership qualities in the person. Sometimes leader guide their employees how to achieve goals and target but they dont know how to do the work, lets take an example: - an employee who deals with customer every day is well known how to deal with customers and his superior can only guide him to apply this skills or ability do like this. An employee can understand what problems he has to face or what reply he is going to get from the customers, in this case the person can easily deal with situation but on the other hand leader cannot deal with such kind of situations. So leaders should be aware about what they are saying to employees and what will be outcome out of this. Leadership is not only based on theories of leadership, theories are necessary to understand the concept of leadership but talking about the methods of leadership there are different qualities such as example, encouragement, expertise, motivation, position (B lack, 2015). Personally being a leader the leadership qualities that I think is necessary for the leader are: - Example: - People generally respond better when they experience something rather than what they hear. Sometimes employees do outstanding work and lead by the example to the team members. And many a times leaders tell employees to do work and go beyond or above the situation but they never did it themselves. Personally, I want to be the leader who leads by the example. Encouragement: - Every good work leads to encouragement. Every team and employees expect encouragement for their work from leaders. For good work they can get awards and recognitions but if they get encouragement from the leaders they feel it personally (Reiland, 2016). Being a leader I found that encouragement is the best essence to the employees which helps in day to day activities. Expertise: - Human tendency says that each and every people wants to become successful and wants to achieve life goals. The word Expertise refers to as to be perfect and specialized in any kind of work. Leaders are well aware that their experience will not lead to success for the employees because until and unless the employees try or experiment on their own they will not be able to understand or implement the same. Experience will lead to expertise (Fox, 2008). So I believe that employees should try and eventually this definitely makes them experts. Motivation: - The word motivation refers to as pushing someone or appreciating someone for their work. Each and every leader has to motivate their employees or team. Being a leader I think motivation is the best way to get the outcome from employees. Leaders can analyses the potential of their employees, so they allot work according to the employees potential and they find the best outcome out of it, which makes leaders to motivate the employee for the same. Position: - Leaders position matters a lot for a team. Team can take a benefit of their leader position. For explaining any point to the top management. Team can ask their leader to talk to the top management about the same. As the position of the leader is higher than the team, leader can give their and their team opinion to the superiors. Not only this a leader can fights for his team, when he found the team is right at the point. Being a leader, if my team is right I will always support my team for that if I have to fight I will do that as well. That is the biggest decision a leader can take and it is the responsibility to make your team feel that you listen to them. The analysis of leadership shows that being a leader I have skills, abilities and qualities. Now I have to be more focused towards my work. I have to sharpen my abilities and skills. So that I can be equal to each and every employee and can easily achieve company target. Leader in any company have to implement some of the skills and abilities. Leaders have to take decision based on the theories of leadership (Post, 2017). In each and every organization leaders play a vital role in organization, no matter what kind of company it is. Leaders have to lead by examples; they have to set examples which make others to think upon it. I have to develop more skills such as sometimes I have to be supportive and participative, which helps me became part of the team. Company hires a leader for team to whom they can lead. Team also have to listen to the leaders, over here this shows that there should be proper co-ordination which results in output (Tait, 1996). References Black, S.A. (2015). Qualities of effective leadership in higher education. Journal of leadership. Vol.4, no.66. Chuang, S.F. (2013). Essential skills for leadership effectiveness in diverse workplace development. Journal of workforce education and development. Vol.6, no.1. Enock, K. Hunt, N.L. (2006). Principles of leadership and delegation. Retrieved on 1st May 2017 from https://www.healthknowledge.org.uk/public-health-textbook/organisation-management/5a-understanding-itd/leadership-delegation Fox, J. (2008). The Importance of Expertise by Experience in Mental Health Services. International Journal of Leadership in Public Services. vol. 4 no.4, pp:39-43. Gehring, D.R. (2007). Applying Traits Theory of Leadership to Project Management. Project management institution. Hashem, S. (2017). Communication: The most important key to leadership success. Retrieved on 1st May 2017 from https://www.thayerleaderdevelopment.com/blog/2017/communication-the-most-important-key-to-leadership-success March, J.G. Weil, T. (2005). On Leadership. First edition. England; Blackwell. May, R. (2011). What Motivates True Leaders? Retrieved on 1st May 2017 from https://www.businessdictionary.com/article/688/what-motivates-true-leaders/ Nohria, N. Khurana, R. (2010). Handbook of Leadership Theory and Practice. America. Pless, N.M. (2007). Understanding Responsible Leadership: Role Identity and Motivational Drivers. Journal of Business Ethics, vol.74, no.4, pp: 437-456. Post, J. (2017). 11 Ways to Define Leadership. Retrieved on 1st May 2017 from https://www.businessnewsdaily.com/3647-leadership-definition.html. Radcliffe, S. (2012). Leadership: plain and simple. First edition. Europe; Pearson. Rahman, M.M. (2016.). Leadership: Analysis of Trait, Behaviour, and Contingency Theories. First edition. Grin verlag. Reiland, D. (2016) Encouragement is 51% of Leadership. Retrieved on 1st May 2017 from https://danreiland.com/encouragement-leadership/ Sosik, J.J. Jung, D. (2011). Full Range Leadership Development: Pathways for People, Profit and Planet.New York. Tait, R. (1996). The attributes of leadership. Journal of Leadership Organization Development. vol.17, no.1, pp: 27-31.

Monday, April 20, 2020

The Arab Spring and Morocco

A wave of demonstrations and protests, which is known as the Arab Spring affected a great number of countries such as Egypt, Tunisia, Yemen, or Syria. They led to the downfall of several autocratic regimes. To some degree, this social upheaval affected Morocco. However, the political regime of this state was able to withstand this turmoil. The article written by Thierry Desrues is aimed at examining the peculiarities of the protest movement in Morocco.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The Arab Spring and Morocco specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More However, this work can also show why the Arab Spring did not undermine the monarchy in Morocco. In this case, one should focus on the attempts of the government to reach some compromise with protesters and the absence of a single alternative to the authoritarian regime. Additionally, it is important to remember that the oppression of protesters diminished the influence of d emonstrations. Finally, this movement was not supported by every member of the community. So, Thierry Desrues’ article can be important for understanding the nature of the political movement in Morocco. This source is also helpful for describing the long-term implications of the Arab Spring for this country. These are main questions that should be discussed more closely. First of all, the author points out that the political system in Morocco can be described as a hybrid regime. On the one hand, in this country King Mohammed VI can be described as the main decision-maker whose authority cannot be limited or questioned. So, one can say that Morocco has an autocratic government. Such a situation could be observed in other African countries. However, at the same time, this system enables some participation of individuals in the public life of the country. For instance, in 2005, the policy of reducing poverty was implemented by associative networks (Desrues 413). These local orga nizations had the authority to decide in which way the financial resources could be used. To a great extent, this policy was helpful for creating an illusion that people could take part in the political life of a country. So, this is one of the issues that Thierry Desrues wants to explore in this text. It seems that this discussion can throw light on the complexities of the social and political life in this country. This policy helped the government to reduce the tensions within the society. Furthermore, it is important to mention that the protest movement in this country was represented by very different groups. In particular, one can speak about leftist parties such as Unified Socialist Party, the supporters of student unionism, human rights organizations, Islamists, and many others (Desrues 415). In other words, they did not have a common political agenda. Many of them did not try to overthrow the political regime of the country.Advertising Looking for essay on political sci ences? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Some of them only wanted to promote the rights of Amazigh people, while others supported the idea of gender equality (Desrues 418). Yet, they were not necessarily opposed to the form of government which emerged in this country. This is one of the reasons why they did not provide a valid alternative to the monarchical rule of King Mohammed VI. Overall, Thierry Desrues is able to identify the reasons why the regime could withstand this upheaval. Such an explanation seems to be quite feasible. Additionally, the author of this article points out that Mohammed VI was able to respond to the political unrest in this country. Much attention should be paid to the constitutional reform which was carried out right after the protests (Desrues 418). For instance, this reform increased the authority of the parliament in this country. Moreover, these changes in the legislation were supposed to address the co ncerns of many people. One should pay attention to such problems as the discrimination against Amazigh people or gender inequality (Desrues 418). It should be mentioned that in Morocco, monarchical rule still exercises strong influence over the legislative and executive power. However, this constitutional reform was perceived as the intention of the state to comply with the demands of the society. To a great extent, Thierry Desrues shows that the representatives of the political regime proved to be more flexible than other authoritarian leaders. This flexibility helped the government to avoid a possible downfall. This is one of the main arguments that can be put forward. Apart from that, it is important to mention that the opposition to the monarchical rule was partly suppressed through intimidation, home visits, and arrests of people (Desrues 420). This strategy of the government prevented many people from joining demonstrations and protests. Nevertheless, it is important to rememb er the government did not try to escalate violence against the protestors. Apart from that, there were people who objected to the radical political transformation of Morocco. They had confrontations with the protesters (Desrues 420). This is another issue that can be singled out. In this article, the author shows various members of the Moroccan society had different views on the development of the government. They did not support the idea of a radical change in the political regime. This detail is important for explaining the peculiarities of the Arab Spring in the country. Very often, researchers speak about the so-called â€Å"Moroccan exception†, when they speak about the impact of political upheavals on this country (Desrues 422). As a rule, this term implies that the Arab Spring did not manifest itself very strongly in Morocco. However, one should not suppose that no goals were achieved. In particular, political activists were able to legitimize social and political chan ge within the country. This transformation is important for empowering the citizens of Morocco. Furthermore, this outcome can be regarded as a form of success because the Moroccan society was able to avoid such pitfalls as continuous violence or even military conflicts. It is quite possible that the gradual evolution of this society can contribute to the improvements in the lives of people. This is one of the details that should be distinguished.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The Arab Spring and Morocco specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More On the whole, the examples which Thierry Desrues provides can explain why the Arab Spring did not result in the overthrow of the monarchical rule in Morocco. One should consider such factors as the hybrid nature of the political regime in this country; 2) the willingness of the government to make concessions to the public; 3) the absence of a single political agenda; and 4) the actions of the police force and the opposition to protestors. These are the main issues that can be identified. It is possible to say that Thierry Desrues’ article can be helpful for the examination of the political and social transformation in Morocco. This is why it should not be overlooked by the readers. Works Cited Desrues, Thierry. â€Å"Mobilizations in a hybrid regime: The 20th February Movement and the Moroccan regime.† Current Sociology 61.4 (2013): 409-423. Print. This essay on The Arab Spring and Morocco was written and submitted by user Frederick Marquez to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Sunday, March 15, 2020

How to Use ACT Scores Advice to Admissions and Employers

How to Use ACT Scores Advice to Admissions and Employers SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips Are you a college admissions officer or employer wondering how to use ACT scores to select the best applicants?Standardized test scores are often used to predict a person’s intelligence and probability of future success; however, many inferences that arebased on ACT scores are often inaccurate. Keep readingto learn what information ACT scores can tell you, what information they can’t tell you, and how to use them to your best advantage. Who Uses ACT Scores? Standardized test scores are required for many applications, and I’ll discuss three of the most common groups who use thembelow. Colleges Collegeadmissions officers are the most common users of ACT scores, and many schools require applicants to submitstandardized test scores as part of their application.ACT scores can be useful to colleges because they give admissions officers a standard way toestimate an applicant's intelligence. Other ways of measuring a student’s academic abilities, such as GPA and class rank, can vary widely between schools . A student who gets an â€Å"A† in herhigh school’s chemistry class may only have gotten a "B" or a â€Å"C† if shehad done just as well at a different school due to factors such asclass curves, how hard the teacher grades, and grade inflation. Colleges and universities have students applying from a huge number of high schools around the world, and using ACT scores as part of their application gives thema more efficient way to evaluate applicants. Employers Employers do not use ACT scores to the same extent as colleges, but they are still used, particularly in the fields of consulting, software engineering, and investment banking. Like colleges and universities,these companies want a fast way to estimate an applicant’s intelligence and probability of success. ACT scores can be particularlyuseful for large companies who receive a lot of applications, as well as companies hiring recent graduates who don’t have a lot of work experience. Scholarship Committees Many scholarships require students to submit standardized test scores as part of their application.Like colleges and employers, scholarship committees use ACT scores as a way to measureintelligence and predict future success. Many scholarships are used to help pay for college, and these committees often want to award scholarshipsto students who are most likely to put them to good use and do well in college.ACT scores can help predict who these students will be. How Shouldn't You Use ACT Scores? There is some information that ACT scores can’t always correctly estimate. Four inaccurate ways of using ACT scores are listed below, along with an explanation for each as to why it doesn’t give completely accurate information. Bad Use#1:As a Complete Indicator of Intelligence TheACT is often used to estimatehowintelligent a particular person is, however; there are three problems with using scores this way. The first problem is that the ACT only tests a narrow set of skills and knowledge.The ACT can help estimate how good someone is at reading comprehension, scientific reasoning, and solving certain math problems, but in no way can a multiple-choice test with an optional essay measureevery type of intelligence. There are certain forms of intelligence that the ACT simply cannot test for. ACT scores can'tmeasure a test taker'screativity, interpersonal skills, ability to learn a new language, and more. TheACT favors students with the types of intelligence they can testwhile putting students with types of intelligence that are more difficult to measureat a disadvantage. The second problemthat ACT scores can't definitively measure intelligence is becausestudying beforehandcan significantly raise a test taker'sscore. At PrepScholar,we know that a student can significantly improve his or her ACT score if they study enough.If one student gets a 34 on the ACT without studying and another raises his grade from a 31 to a 34 after 50 hours of studying, is one smarter than the other?Some may say the first student is smarter, but the decision to prepare for an important test like the ACT is also a measure of intelligence, so the answer is not really clear.Instead of measuring just intelligence, the ACT measures both intelligence and motivation. The third problemis that factors that are unrelated to intelligence often have a strong impact onhow well a student performs on the ACT. Multiple studies have shown that there is a significant gap between the ACT scores of rich and poor students.Students from wealthier families are often found to score higher on the ACT than students who come from poorer backgrounds. Students who come from wealthier backgrounds likely have schools and parents with more resources for test prep, and they often receive more pressure to do well on the ACT.Therefore, using the ACT as a measure of intelligence can discriminate against students from poorer backgrounds, who are also more likely to be minorities. Bad Use#2:To Find a "Genius" A person who scores perfectly on the ACTmight be assumed to be a genius, good at everything, and guaranteed to succeed at whatever they do. However, the truth is thata person who gets a perfect score on the ACT may in fact be very intelligent, but they may also have put a lot of time into preparing, gotten lucky that day, or a combination ofthose scenarios. Whatever the reason, the ACT tests only a specific set of skills, and a person who gets a perfect score on the ACT won’t automatically be amazing at everything else.As mentioned above, the ACT only tests certain types of intelligence, which also means that a person widely considered to be intelligent may not get a perfect score or even do very well on the ACT at all. It also shouldn’t be assumed that people with perfect ACT scores are more intelligent than those who didn’t receive perfect scores, which introduces ournext point. Don't expect ACT scores to automatically find you a genius. Bad Use#3: To Compare People With Similar Scores The ACT should also not be used to compare the intelligence of people who received similar scores, about 3 points or less in difference.A person with a composite score of 32 and a person with a score of 31 likely had only a small difference between the number of questions they answered correctly. The person who received the 32 shouldn’t be assumed to be smarter than the person who received the 31. Their differences in score could simply be due to normal variation in ACT results. If they both took the ACT again, it’s completely possible thatthe person who got the 31 gets the higher score this time. A person's ACT scores can vary from one test to another,and people can get questions right or wrong by mistake, which doesn’t necessarily reflect their intelligence.When two (or more) people have similar ACT scores, it’s not possible to determine who is more intelligent simply by looking at the slightly higher score. Bad Use#4:To Determine Specific Areas of Expertise The ACT also should notbe used to judge a person'sskill level or knowledge of a specific subject. For example, someone who got a perfect score on the essay may not know how to write a research paper, and someone who does well on the science section may not know anything about microbiology. If the results you're given include subscores,they may provide more details on how well the applicant did in certain subjects, but this information should still not be used to make assumptions about specificskill setsand knowledge areas. How Should You Use ACT Scores? So how can ACT scores be used correctly and accurately? Three ways are listed below. In general, all involve using test scores to make generalinferences that can be further supported by additional evidence. Good Use#1: To Estimate IQ ACT scoresare definitelynot a perfect way to measure a person's intelligence, but there is a relationship between someone's IQ and the score they get on the ACT.While IQ only tests a certain type of problem-solving, (specifically the ability to solve problems based on the information you are given), it is still often used as a measure of intelligence. Meredith C. Gray and Douglas K. Detterman, two researchers at Case Western Reserve University, conducted rigorous studies to understand the relationship between standardized test scores and intelligence. From their research, they have found that, even though the correlation between IQ and SAT is stronger, there is still a relationship between IQ and ACT score.That means if someone scores well on the ACT, then it is more likely, although not guaranteed, that they have a high IQ as well. A lot of colleges and employerswant to admit or hirepeople with a certain levelof intelligence in order to ensure they can handle the work. While there are types of intelligence that neither the ACT nor IQ exams test for, using ACT scores can be a good way to estimate IQ and intelligence if you have many applicants you don’t know much about. Other information, such as GPA and letters of recommendation, should be used to support assumptions based onACT scores.A student with a high ACT score, excellent GPA, and a history of high impactin her extracurriculars has done well in high school and seems likely to continue that success.However, a student with a low ACT score should not necessarily be discounted, especially if they are strong in other areas, such as a good GPA and strongletters of recommendation. Theymay have had a bad test day, get nervous during standardized tests, or excel in other areas not tested by the ACT. ACT scores can'tcorrectly estimatehow smart every person who takes the exam is, so when reviewing applications, all of a student’s application materials should be taken into account. Personal statements and letters of recommendation, in particular, can often provide moreinformation aboutan applicant’s strengths and personality. Good Use #2: As an Indicator of Broad Strengths and Weaknesses As we mentioned earlier, you can'tuse ACT scores to determine if someone is knowledgeable in a very specific subject area, such as poetry or microbiology.However, it is sometimes possible to make inferences aboutwhat broad subject areas the test-taker is stronger and weaker in. The ACT has four sections: English, Math, Reading, and Science, along with an optional essay.If a person has large differences in scores between these sections, it may be possible to determine which areas they are most skilled and comfortable in.For example, someone with a perfect score of 36 for the Mathsection, but a 27 in Reading, may be stronger in the math and sciences. This is certainly not always true, but it can help support an inference if there is other evidence, such as a transcript showing lots of math and science classes and a personal statement describing a passion for biology. Employers can use this information if they arelooking to hire someonewith a particular set of skills.For example, a newspaperwould likely want their journaliststo have strong writingskills but not care as much about mathskills.Colleges can use this information in the sameway. If a student is applying for a school’s accountingprogram, admissions officers may be more interested in their Math score than their Reading and Essay scores. You may be able to use ACT scores to find a person's general strengthsand weaknesses. Good Use #3: To Help Make Efficient Admissions Decisions Sometimes colleges, employers, and scholarship committeesneed a way to quickly make acceptance or rejection decisions, especially if they havea lot of applicants.ACT scores providea quick way to estimatea person’s academic ability,and thus can be very useful. Most colleges and universities publishthe range of ACT scores for their entering class. Half of the class scored within this 25th-75th percentile range.Comparing a student’s ACT scores to the school’s score range can help admissions officers easily identify students far below or above that range and make those admissions decisions easier. For example, if a school’s 25th-75th percentile range is 23 to 28, a student who scored a 21 on the ACT will likely not be offered admission, while a student with a 32 appears to have an excellent chance of being accepted.However, how a student comparesto a school’s ACT score range shouldn't be the only factor admission is based on. A student with a lower-than-average ACT score may a strong GPA andextracurriculars and be an asset to the school while a student with an excellent ACT score may not have much else to recommend her.ACT scores can help make an initial admission decision easier, but the final decision should take other factors into account. Can ACT Scores Be Used to Predict Future Success? Most people use ACT scoresto attempt to select people they thinkwill do well at their school or company and beyond.The line of thinking is that people who score well on the ACT are intelligent and/or hard working,and they will continue to use those skills in the future. Is this true? The short answer is, â€Å"sometimes.† A high school student who scores well on the ACT will usually have at least some intelligence and motivation, but that does not always mean they will do well in college. The student could have spent a lot of time studying for the ACT but then felt like she could coast once he got to college, she may struggle to complete long assignments, she may not adapt well to living on herown, she may not work well in groups, or one of many more potential scenarios. Different sections of the ACT have been found to be more accurate in predicting success in college. A student’s English and Math ACT scores have a more significant correlation to success in college than the Reading and Science sections. A student’s scores on the Reading and Science sections of the ACT were found to have basically no connection to success in college.One study found that high school GPA is a better indicator of whether a student will succeed in college than ACT scores, which makes sense because a GPA takes into account the grades from four years ofhigh school, as opposed to the scores of one exam. The relationship between a person's ACT scores and their career success is even weaker. There is a correlation between people with ACTscores and people who end up working in more competitive fields, but ACT scores alone don’t always predict success.There are numerous factors required to be successful in most careers that the ACT can’t test for, such as interpersonal skills and work ethic, not to mention the specific skills needed to do certain jobs well. Conclusion ACT scores should never be used as the onlyindicator of a person'sintelligence or chanceof future success because they don’t measure a wide enough variety of skills or types of intelligence, and they can be influenced by too many outside factors. However, studies have shown a correlation between ACT score and IQ, and a person who does well on the ACT is often either intelligent, hard-working, or a combination of the two, which can make them more successful students and employees.Additionally, the ACT Math and English sections are most accurate at predicting future success, so they should be given more weight over the Science and Reading sections. The use them in the most accurate and effective way, ACT scores should be used as one part of an application that, along with other materials such as GPA, letters of recommendation, personal statements, and extracurriculars, can help identifyan applicant's particular strengths and estimate their chance of future success. What's Next? Looking for more information on the ACT? We have a guide that gives a complete explanation of the examas well as information for students and schools. Are you using ACT scores to try and estimate IQ?Learn whether the ACT or SAT predicts IQ more accurately. What does the ACT measure? Read this guide to learn whether the ACT accurately measures IQ, wealth, and other factors. Want to improve your ACT score by 4+ points? Download our free guide to the top 5 strategies you need in your prep to improve your ACT score dramatically. Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Tweet Christine Sarikas About the Author Christine graduated from Michigan State University with degrees in Environmental Biology and Geography and received her Master's from Duke University. In high school she scored in the 99th percentile on the SAT and was named a National Merit Finalist. She has taught English and biology in several countries. 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Friday, February 28, 2020

Laws and the Work Place Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Laws and the Work Place - Research Paper Example Events are pushing the United States to contemplate in new ways about employees’ rights. The traditional methods of formulating and implementing employees’ rights are incompetent, costly, and detrimental. Forceful new events, particularly growingly powerful global competition, the weakening of unions and deep-seated changes in employment law, are currently restructuring workplace issues in striking and astonishing ways. This research paper discusses laws pertaining to employment, particularly those related to health and safety, unions, discrimination, privacy, and job security. The paper also includes a discussion of the impact of employment law on businesses and consumers. Protecting Employees’ Rights The Department of Labor (DOL) supervises and implements a large number of federal laws. These directives and the rules that enforce them encompass numerous workplace issues for both employers and employees (Goldman & Corrada, 2011). Some of the major areas of emplo yment law relate to health and safety, unions, discrimination, privacy, and job security. The Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Act is managed by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). ... It safeguards union resources and endorses union democracy by obliging labor groups to submit yearly financial statements, by obliging employers, union authorities, and labor advisors to submit statements about specific labor relations practices (Block, 2001). Some countries oblige unions to undergo certain processes before taking particular steps. Laws may protect the right to become part of a union. Several laws could permit unions to oblige its members to follow certain rules, such as the obligation to conform to a majority rule in a strike ballot (Lawrence, 2006). Some countries do not allow this, like the United States’ ‘right to work’ law. The employment discrimination law safeguards workers from discrimination with regard to gender, age, racial affiliation, ethnicity, religious beliefs, etc. State and federal regulations include majority of the employment discrimination laws (Lawrence, 2006). There are numerous employment processes or practices that have be en regarded discriminatory, which are unlawful. They involve showing discriminatory prejudice in certain job-related processes and areas: recruitment and selection; pay; hiring and/or firing workers; promoting; and different forms of harassment. Appended to the basic protections against discrimination, more current laws have considered the necessity to broaden the law to cover discrimination in terms of disability (Hogler, 2004). Employee privacy rights deal with the work-related activities and personal information of an employee. Private organizations do have several legal duties to their workers, but generally company guidelines will determine most of the privacy rights of an employee (Lawrence, 2006). On the other hand, job security depends on the economy, the worker’s skills,

Wednesday, February 12, 2020

Social Psychology - Exprerimental Psychology Essay

Social Psychology - Exprerimental Psychology - Essay Example Experimental psychology, Patrick McGhee has decribed as the most dominant form of psychology in north America and Europe. Whether or not this dominance is desirable, secure or important is another issue. In the perspective of experimental social psychology, the most scientifically efficient, intellectually rigorous method for understanding human social behaviour makes for the making of three assumptions viz: Experimental psychology can be viewed as the first of the three individual "visions" of social psychology. This "vision" when applied in to the understanding of Liv Ullman does not really explain anything about her success as a film star, but then goes to make us understand her person to the point of why she did what. When put under experimental psychology, the social psychology of Liv Ullman can be understood. The reasons for her being a committed UNICEF goodwill ambassador who has also travelled wide for the organisation can be explained. She is Norweigian, born in Tokyo and has a half Swedish daughter with Swedish Ingmar Bergman. Her vast travel experience may have contributed to her being multi-lingual which may have been useful to her in her many travels across the globe in furtherance of her humanitarian service as a UNICEF goodwill ambassasdor. The fact that she has continued in th... The fact that she has continued in the movie industry as a director (even after retiring as an actress) is a confirmation of the experimental psychology. She will definitely be more comfortable in the movie industry than any other industry. Her role in the movie Scenes from a Marriage, which turned her into a feminist and cultural icon in the 1970s and also placed her as one of the most respected actress of her time was directed by Ingmar Bergman. The position the film put her may have influenced her going into humanitarian service. Her cross-cultural background- born in Tokyo; raised in Norway; married and worked with a Swede, whom she has a child for; and now married to an American- have all contributed to explain her many travels on humanitarian purposes as a UNICEF goodwill ambassador. Looking at this first "vision" of social psychology, it can be said that in understanding Liv Ullman, it is useful. But there are questions that it does not exactly provide answers to. Like how she became so good an actress and so much critical acclaim that has not yet been seen since the 70s. Her sense of security, even when she is not with the ones she loves, or in strange land have not been explained using this "vision". The second "vision" is humanistic and experiential. What this seeks to do is to blend the study of personal and social life in the actualities of lived experience. It tries to look at the lived world and the behavoiur of an individual to the experiences of this world. This vision regards people's experience and the meanings they attach to their actions and that of others. It believes behaviour has to be interpreted to be made meaningful. Thus the behaviour which is objectively observable and analysable is